Complete the quiz to review important points in the guide.
What is the formal operational stage?
False. While logical skills are a crucial part of full-fledged adult reasoning, critical thinking skills also evolve out of everyday reasoning — things like making decisions, deferring gratification, and getting along with others. The process of becoming a critical thinker thus starts at a very young age, and early development is key. There’s a great deal parents can do to help.
Around the age of 13 and older, children are ready to begin learning logical concepts and higher level logical skills. Which of the following are good ways for parents to encourage the acquisition of these skills?
What are the intension and extension of a concept?
How can critical thinking help teenagers cope with the process of becoming their own person and dealing with new peer pressures?
False. The decision-making process involves a complex mix of different elements, including logical reasoning, past experiences, personal preferences, and emotions. That said, the role emotions play changes as we age and as we learn critical thinking skills. A young child’s decisions, like their arguments, tend to be controlled by their emotions, but as they age they should learn to step back from immediate emotional reactions and make more considered decisions.
How can parents best react to a teenager who tends to be excessively critical and negative?
Which of the following is NOT a good question for teenagers to use to analyze and evaluate sources of information they find on the internet and elsewhere?
The growing independence of 10 to 12 year olds does mean parents should encourage them to take on more responsibility and develop new interests outside the structure of family life and school. In certain contexts, like during discussions about interests or ideas and when playing games like chess, parents should treat their children more like equals. But parents are still, importantly, educators and protectors, and they must still set down rules and limits when it’s appropriate. Striking a balance is key.
What is a paralogism?
Once children and adults have acquired critical thinking skills, they are able to accurately evaluate any piece of information, no matter how little background knowledge they have. (T/F)
Critical thinking skills cannot be acquired successfully without general knowledge of a wide array of different topics. Children as well as adults need to know a lot about the world around them to have the confidence and competence to question things seriously and productively. Without the knowledge to back it up, critical thinking is an illusion.
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