Everything You Need to Know About the Ambiguity Effect

This decision to choose the known over the unknown is an example of “the ambiguity effect.” In a nutshell, this cognitive bias occurs when people choose options that have a known probability of a favorable outcome over choices where a favorable outcome is unknown or is unpredictable.

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Everything You Need to Know About Negativity Bias

Our brains are more likely to remember and recall negative feedback or experiences versus positive ones because of the negativity bias. As a result, our perception of the world around us could be skewed to the negative unless we actively work to counteract this natural tendency.

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Critical Thinking Through Read-Alouds

For 18 years I have worked with some of the youngest learners — emerging readers. In just my second year as a teacher I was assigned the inclusion 2nd-grade classroom, working with children who are 7-years old and have learning differences. It pushed me to find new ways to help them embrace critical thinking.

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Everything You Need to Know About Groupthink

Everything You Need to Know About Groupthink

For social psychologist Irving Janis, Pearl Harbor was a perfect example of what he called “groupthink” in a 1971 article in Psychology Today. For Janis, groupthink was at the heart of some of the worst disasters and poorest decisions in world history, including Pearl Harbor. Today groupthink continues to help explain many large-scale blunders and problems, from the 2008 financial crisis to social media pile-on.

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Seven Ways Adults Can Help Kids Become Better Critical Thinkers

The internet offers a wealth of resources for learning and social connection. But it also can expose impressionable young people to false information that can undercut their education. To be successful learners, kids and teens need to be savvy critical thinkers.

Adults can do a lot to help kids and teens become critical thinkers, and many underestimate how much reasoning their children can do at a young age.

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